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Childhood illness and injury – Compensation and claims

If your child suffers a serious injury or is living with a long term, serious illness, you’ll want them to get the best treatment and care from medical and health professionals. 
Medical professionals can occasionally make mistakes, while young children can struggle to communicate their symptoms properly, sometimes leading to misdiagnosis. 
Such instances of medical negligence involving children (sometimes referred to as ‘paediatric negligence’) can cause or even worsen an illness or injury. 
Examples of such claims include:
  • Delayed diagnosis of meningitis or tuberculosis 
  • Misdiagnosis of congenital or developmental hip dysplasia
  • Maladministration of medication resulting in permanent injuries
  • Failure to identify and treat fractures, leading to uneven or abnormal bone growth
  • Ignoring the seriousness of headaches or sight issues, delaying the diagnosis of tumours
  • Birth or pregnancy mistakes that lead to cerebral palsy
If you or your child has experienced medical negligence in any form, you may have a claim for compensation.   
Ready to talk? Contact our medical negligence team about your child’s case. Call 020 3820 1595 or

Childhood illness and injury compensation

Medical negligence that causes childhood illness, or misses any serious physical injuries, could have a permanent impact on your child’s whole life. 
You and your family will usually be responsible for looking after their needs and funding any additional care, treatment and other special needs they require. 
Compensation could help cover the support your child needs for the rest of their life. The amount of compensation you receive will depend on the severity of any illness or injuries your child suffers from the medical negligence. 
How much compensation you can expect varies greatly - from thousands to millions.

What can you use compensation for?

Compensation is designed to help your child live as normal a life as possible, while also enabling parents and the family to be in a position to support them. 
Nothing will be able to undo the harm caused to your child, but compensation can help make their and your life easier to manage.  
Childhood illness or injury compensation can go towards covering the costs of: 
  • Home adaptions: Depending on the injuries suffered, you may need to adapt your home or move to accommodate a wheelchair or other specialised equipment. 
  • Care: Paying for visiting and round-the-clock carers, or the costs for your child to live in a care home. 
  • Treatment: Any additional treatment, from medication to specialist therapy, can be covered. 
  • Financial loss: If you or a family member has to provide constant care for your child, you could claim for the financial loss that incurs. 
  • Equipment: You can claim the cost of any specialist equipment your child needs. 
  • Pain and suffering: Your child can claim compensation for his/her pain and suffering and loss of amenity. The sum awarded will depend on the circumstances of each individual case and will be made in accordance with judicial guidelines and other case law. 

Time limits for bringing a claim

The normal rule is that you must bring a claim for medical negligence within three years of the date of the negligence or your date of knowledge that you received negligent care. 
However, if you are bringing a claim on behalf of a child, the usual three year period to start a claim starts from when your child turns 18 and ends when they turn 21, unless your child does not have mental capacity. 
If you child does not have mental capacity then there is no time limit to make a claim.

Successful compensation claims

The Leigh Day team has worked across a variety of cases related to child medical negligence, settling the following cases:
  • A boy was awarded a six-figure sum in a successful claim. He was born prematurely and identified as being at risk of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). Despite undergoing a screening, ROP was undiagnosed and he lost vision in one eye. The successful claim against the Defendant Trust was due to the failure to identify or act upon the ROP, which if done competently could have saved his sight. Read more.  
  • A 12-year-old girl received a seven-figure compensation amount after suffering permanent brain damage shortly after birth, due to delayed diagnosis and treatment of neonatal complications. It resulted in kernicterus and athetoid cerebral palsy, meaning she requires round-the-clock care and daily therapies for the rest of her life. Read more.

Making a claim

If your child has suffered an injury or illness you believe was down to child medical negligence, contact Leigh Day.  

Someone from our medical negligence team will listen to your case and advise you on whether you have a claim and the best steps to take. If they believe you have a legitimate claim, they will talk you through the process and how claiming on behalf of your child works. 
Collecting any supporting evidence to help your claim can improve your chances of success. This can include any medical documents, reports and statements from medical professionals.

Why choose Leigh Day?

Our medical negligence team at Leigh Day includes individuals experienced dealing with childhood illness and injury claims. 
We have brought various successful claims against trusts and other bodies relating to medical negligence affecting children. 
Suzanne White is the head of the clinical negligence team at Leigh Day. She has specialised in clinical negligence for more than 20 years and advises on an array of cases. Having trained as a radiographer before switching to law, Suzanne has a strong medical knowledge. She is a member of the APIL executive, a trustee of the Patients Association, a member of the INQUEST Lawyers Group and a council member of MASIC.
“Suzanne White exemplifies the firm's commitment to achieving the best possible results for its clients. She has great tactical acumen and is able to step back and look at the bigger picture of a catastrophic case.” – Legal 500, 2020.
To discuss your claim relating to childhood illness and injury, contact Leigh Day by phoning 020 3820 1595 or

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