Melanie Jacques is a chartered legal executive specialising in international human rights claims, with a particular focus on claims arising out of war and armed conflict, and corporate liability cases.
Melanie has extensive experience in multi-party action claims, including a large group claim on behalf of around 30,000 nationals of Cote d’Ivoire against the oil trading company, Trafigura, and a group action against Shell on behalf of a fishing community in the Niger Delta who suffered the environmental and economic impacts of two substantial oil spills in 2008.
She currently represents a number of Malawian tea and macadamia nut workers who allege they have suffered sexual harassment and/or abuse at the hands of male employees while working on plantations ultimately owned by UK-headquartered companies.
Melanie is currently investigating a potential group claim against BMW on behalf of car owners over allegations that certain diesel vehicles were fitted with ‘defeat devices’ in order to cheat emissions tests.
Since 2012, Melanie has assisted partner Sapna Malik on a number of high-profile actions against the British government, including:
- The Iraqi Civilian Litigation on behalf of hundreds of Iraqi nationals against the British Ministry of Defence for their alleged unlawful detention and/or mistreatment by British Forces in Iraq. In a ground-breaking judgment handed down in December 2017, the High Court ruled that the four test claimants had been subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment and unlawful detention in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights, the 1949 Geneva Convention and UK law (Alseran and Ors v Ministry of Defence).
- The case of an Afghan man who was detained by British troops in 2010 and held by them without charge and without access to a lawyer for 110 days, before being handed over to the Afghan Security Services, whom he alleges brutally tortured him. On 17 January 2017, the Supreme Court unanimously held that the Ministry of Defence (MoD) had a duty, under Article 5(4) of the European Convention of Human Rights to provide adequate procedural safeguards to detainees at all times, as also required by international humanitarian law, during the conflict in Afghanistan in order to prevent the detention of prisoners becoming arbitrary.
- A case against the UK security Services on behalf of a former Libyan dissident and his pregnant wife, illegally rendered to Gaddafi’s Libya in 2004. The Defendants had sought to strike out the claims on the grounds of Foreign Act of State and State Immunity. However, in a landmark judgment on 17 January 2017, the Supreme Court unanimously the Supreme Court unanimously dismissed the Defendants’ appeal and held that the claims must be allowed to proceed in the English courts.
Melanie has a PhD in international humanitarian law. Her thesis, “Armed conflict and displacement: the protection of refugees and displaced persons under international humanitarian law” was published as a monograph by Cambridge University Press in 2012. Prior to joining Leigh Day, Melanie was a visiting research fellow and teaching associate at Queen Mary, University of London, where she taught public international law and international law of armed conflict.
Read Melanie's blogs
- What responsibilities do companies have to prevent sexual violence & harassment on their plantations? 26.6.20
- The Alseran case one year on: International human rights law, international humanitarian law, and future military operations 1.3.19
- International human rights lawyer looks at implications of Leggatt J in Alseran and Ors v MoD 19.4.18
Leigh Day settles claims against the Camellia Group arising out of rape and other forms of gender-based violence on Malawian tea estates
High Court finds MoD breached the Geneva Conventions during the Iraq War
A High Court judge today ruled the MoD unlawfully detained civilians during the Iraq war, breaching the Human Rights Act and the Geneva Conventions
Women claim systemic sex abuse on tea plantations owned by British brand suppliers
Women who work on southern Malawi plantations that supply well known tea brands are suing their employer Lujeri and its British parent company PGI over allegations of systemic sexual harassment including rape, assault and discrimination.